Your engine oil keeps all the parts of your engine lubricated to reduce friction and prevent any damage to your engine. However, different engine oils have different efficiency and fluidity at high and low temperatures. You can tell a lot about an engine oil’s performance at different temperatures by its viscosity grade.
A viscosity grade has two parts to it, with the whole grade looking like ‘XW-XX’, e.g. 5W-50. The ‘W’ stands for winter, and the numbers relate to engine oil performance in high and low temperatures.
- The first number before the W is for the oil’s flow at low temperatures. Lower numbers here mean the oil will thicken less during cold weather.
- The two numbers after the W relate to how resistant the oil is to thinning at high temperatures over 100 degrees Celsius.
Modern engines benefit more from lower grade viscosities as they let your engine oil perform more efficiently and help improve your fuel economy. Older vehicles may require higher grade viscosity.
5W-50 synthetic engine oils
During cold engine starts and in winter temperatures, 5W-50 engine oil will provide smooth operation that instantly begins protecting your engine. The 50 weight component of the oil is thick enough to offer high protection even at your engine’s highest engine temperatures. Mobil 1™ FS X1 5W-50 engine oil is an advanced performance synthetic engine oil that reduces engine wear while preventing any build-up from deposits or debris.
5W-50 synthetic engine oil
Mobil Super™ offers a range of synthetic, semi-synthetic and conventional oils providing different levels of protection to match the conditions you face, whilst always ensuring you can drive with full confidence.More about Mobil Super™